What is Medical Cannabis?
Medical Marijuana or Medical Cannabis is the whole, unprocessed marijuana plant or its basic extracts using cannabinoids to treat symptoms of illness and other conditions. In 1996 California voters approved a state law allowing the use of medical marijuana with a doctor’s recommendation. A medical marijuana patient can purchase medical marijuana if prescribed by a licensed physician.
Marijuana is recommended by doctors for a number of different medical conditions; medicinal cannabis can be used to treat a wide variety of conditions, and is most commonly prescribed for:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Appetite loss
- Crohn’s disease
- Diseases affecting the immune system like HIV/AIDS or Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Eating disorders such as anorexia
- Mental health conditions like schizophrenia and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) & anxiety
- Multiple sclerosis
- Muscle spasms
- Wasting syndrome (cachexia)
Components of Medical Marijuana
Strains apply specifically to cultivated varieties of cannabis, and are the identifying factor to a flower’s particular variety. Strains by definition are categorized by flavors, different smells, yields, pharmacological effects and characteristics of a cured plant. Marijuana strains are organized into three different types. The three primary types of cannabis are Indica, Sativa and Hybrid. Hybrids are a combination of the two Indica & Sativa. They each have different and unique effects that occur to the body and mind when consumed. The strains have various flavor profiles and combinations of active ingredients which produce the different effects within the strains. Our Cannabis Sommeliers define strains by a combination of factors including appearance, botanical lineage, effects and chemical profile. Strains are grown agriculturally in controlled environments, not in the wild. Wild strains growing in their natural environments are called landrace strains.
Indica plants are usually short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Typically Indica plants have higher yields and grow faster than Sativa plants. The Indica strains have many beneficial medicinal qualities, including decreased acute pain, muscle relaxation, sleep aid, decreased nausea, increased appetite, increased dopamine, increased mental relaxation. Indicas have a physical sedating and relaxing effect for low impact activities and sleeping. They are also good for evening and bedtime for the everyday user.
Popular Indica strains: Grand Daddy Purple, Northern lights, Blueberry, G13, Bubba Kush
Sativas grow tall and thin with narrower leaves. Sativa strains take longer to grow and come to maturity later in the flower cycle. The medicine that Sativa plants produce have lower levels of CBD and higher levels of THC. Sativas have uplifting effects and work well for physical activities and social events and gatherings. Sativas are especially known for being anti-anxiety and anti-depressant; to treat chronic pain; increase your focus and creativity; and can increase serotonin in your neurotransmitters improving the regulation of learning, sleep, anxiety and appetite. We recommend for mornings and daytime daily use.
Popular Sativa strains: Durban Poison, Jack Herer, Super Lemon Haze, Sour Diesel & Pineapple Express
Hybrids are a combination of the two cannabis strains Indica and Sativa. Cultivators can cross breed cannabis adjusting the THC & CBD percentages of each strain to further balance the effects between the two strains. This allows cultivators to hone in on producing specific effects. We recommend using hybrids in the middle of the day when it’s too late for an uplifting sativa or too early for a sedating Indica.
Do you like Indica or Sativa? Not finding the right fit, try a hybrid to tilt the spectrum!
Popular Hybrid strains: OG Kush, Blue Dream, Gorilla Glue, White Widow
HOW DO CULTIVATORS NAME A STRAIN?
Strain names can be very descriptive. Have you ever wondered why some of the strain names are colorful and descriptive? Cultivators create these names for a number of reasons, but they are mainly used as marketing messaging. Strains are typically marketed based on the characteristics of their name using descriptive words about their botanical lineage, strong aromas, visual appearances & chemical profiles. There are a lot of factors that dictate the outcome of strains. For example, you will get different effects and characteristics even from one specific strain; OG Kush will vary from grower to grower, and dispensary to dispensary, based on growing methods, harvesting, and processing conditions. They all inevitably result in a variation of the terpenes and cannabinoids. The best way of finding a flower or product specific to your medicinal needs is to purchase based on the product description from the cultivator that grew it. Do not buy cannabis based on the name of the strain. Strain names are not reliable factors in predicting the effects, flavors or medical benefits of the cannabis. Please consult one of our cannabis sommeliers to find the right medical cannabis for you.
Why Cannabis strains use descriptors in their names:
Strain names can be very descriptive. Some strain names will have descriptors added to the name. They give you more information about the strain. Descriptors are helpful when differentiating between horticulture variations on a particular variety. An example of OG Kush’s descriptors would be Fire OG, Larry OG, SFV OG, Alien OG. Etc.
Terpenes are oils secreted by the cannabis plant. These oils are what gives each cannabis strain a unique taste and smell. Many of the names of different strains like Lemon, Blueberry, Sour Diesel or Skunk are reflective of that strain’s terpene content. Terpenes are not unique to cannabis and are present in many types of plants. You can find terpenes in herbs and fruits. Their importance goes beyond their taste and smell. The presence of terpenes enhances the strain’s effects. THC, CBD and terpenes all work together to create different effects and experiences, known as the Whole Plant Effect or the Entourage Effect.
Micro-dosing is the practice of consuming very small doses. You should always start with small micro-doses of a product if you are a beginner, then gradually increase dosage as you see how your mind and body respond. Know how to micro-dose & dose. A dose is equivalent to a serving size. California defines a dose of cannabis edibles as a maximum of 10mg of THC. Please ask an Abide Cannabis Sommelier what dosage is right for you based on your tolerance and experience.
QUALITY & TESTING
Quality & testing is a priority. At Abide, our cannabis sommeliers do extensive research on our products to assure the highest quality and safety. All of our cannabis products go through vigorous testing to filter out any products with harmful contaminant, pesticide or moldicide exposure.
SAFETY & FRESHNESS
Safety & freshness is our priority at Abide. We recommend storing cannabis in a safe, secure place away from children and pets. Proper storage is very important and plays a key role in keeping your products fresh. Find a cool dry place away from direct sunlight and extreme heat for optimal storage.
Flowers/ Buds/ Nugs are the trimmed and cured flower of a female cannabis plant. As with wine grapes, there are different varietals of cannabis flowers, which we call strains. Each strain has a unique flavor and combination of active ingredients, and provides a subtly different effect. We believe exploring different strains is one of the real joys of cannabis consumption. Most people look at the strain name, plant type (indica, sativa, hybrid), and the potency of the THC & CBD content when buying the flower. The California state law allows customers to legally buy one ounce of flower per day. We sell flower by the weight gram, eighth or ounce and by the strain. An eighth is 3.5 grams; an ounce is 28.5 grams. You can smoke flower through a bong, pipe or joint. It can also be vaporized through a variety of vaping accessories.
Extracts & Concentrates are tiny trichome crystals that sit on the surface of the cannabis plant, found on the underlying and inert flower/ bud material. They are made by separating the tiny trichome crystals on the plant and are processed in several different ways. Most concentrates are made with solvents like butane, or CO 2 , or you can make them using heat, water and pressure. Concentrates can be found in many different forms including wax, sauce, rosin and shatter. The effects of extracts & concentrates are several times stronger than cannabis flowers. Mixing concentrates with flower will enhance the effects experienced by the user. Our concentrates & extracts are tested by the top labs in California to guarantee they are free of any residual solvents. Cannabis extracts & concentrates are consumed through a dab rig or stationary/portable device that vaporizes the concentrate at a high temperature. Ask one of our Cannabis Sommeliers what extract or concentrate is right for you.
Pre Rolls are usually hand rolled joints filled with cannabis flower. Pre-rolled joints are the most traditional way of consuming cannabis, without the fuss and mess of rolling your own. You can enhance them with cannabis extracts or concentrates. Pre-rolls usually come in half-gram or 1 gram in size. You can buy them as a single pre rolled or in 10 to 20 pre rolled packs. The singles and packs of pre rolls feature different blends and strains. The cost varies by the number and size of pre-rolls and the quality of the cannabis they contain. Always check the packaging for information regarding the CBD and THC content. THC & CBD content varies from the different strains and brands.
Sublinguals & Tinctures are made by infusing cannabinoids into coconut oil, vinegar or alcohol. Sublinguals & Tinctures are low in cost and can be discreetly ingested anywhere. You drop it under your tongue and you get an immediate onset with similar effects to inhaling cannabis. If you swallow with a beverage the effect is similar to edibles. The onset takes up to one hour and the effects can last up to six hours. Most tinctures are rich in CBD but some contain THC. Always read the label before consumption and follow the instructions. Always start with a small amount and allow it time to onset. Sublinguals & tinctures are a good alternative to inhaling cannabis, especially if you have compromised lungs. They have a similar effect profile and are much gentler on your lungs.
Vape Pens are a device used to vaporize cannabis for inhalation and are known for their convenient and discreet way to consume cannabis. They gently warm cannabis extracts to the right temperature for vaporization, no combusting involved. The effect onset happens immediately and over an hour or two it will gradually recede. Smokable products will have a longer lasting effect. Vape pens are an easy way to control your cannabis intake, particularly if you’re interested in micro-dosing. Vaporizers are smokeless with no ash or strong odor. Some of our vape pens are pre-charged and disposable. We also offer rechargeable batteries and interchangeable cartridges. Vape pens and cartridges are sold by strain, extract type, plant category and potency. Our brands list THC and CBD levels on the packaging, by percentages or ratios.
Topicals are cannabis products that are applied directly to the skin, including creams, salves, lubricants, balms. They soothe both the muscles and skin. Topicals come in a variety of aromas and textures. Most topicals are rich in CBD which is known to be a powerful anti-inflammatory. Topicals are popular products because they do not produce a strong psychoactive effect. CBD & THC amounts are indicated in a ratio on the packaging.
Edibles are food, beverages, and sometimes capsules infused with cannabis. Edibles are a discreet and healthier choice of consuming cannabis. Read labels and dose carefully. Edibles have an intense, longer lasting effect than smokable cannabis. Use caution, and if it’s your first time we recommend micro-dosing. Start small and go slow to avoid over consumption. New consumers should start with 2-5mg of THC. Wait two hours to assess the full effect before taking more. Edibles can take 30 to 120 minutes to digest and take effect, and the effect can last up to 4 to 12 hours. Consuming edibles on an empty stomach can decrease the time of onset and can increase intensity. Each of our products are clearly labeled with its CBD and THC content to the milligrams, per package and per serving.
DO I NEED AN MMJ RECOMMENDATION TO SHOP AT ABIDE?
Yes, currently we only serve medical patients. Medical patients must bring a valid MMJ recommendation from a doctor and California ID to enter Abide as a patient.
As a medical patient, you may want to obtain a Medical Marijuana Identification Card from the county to save 14.5% on taxes.
Recreational cannabis coming to Napa soon….2021!
Click here to obtain your Medical Marijuana Recommendation card in less than 10 minutes!